What is Collaborative Law? I'm trying to decide what route to take to resolve my divorce, and I'm wondering how Collaborative Law differs from methods such as litigation and mediation?
Collaborative law is a new way of helping separating families resolve their disputes respectfully and with dignity. All participants agree to work together openly, honestly, and in good faith to find "win-win" solutions to the needs of both parties and their children.
At the outset, a commitment is made:
The key difference between Collaborative Law and litigation is that by agreeing not to go to Court – and not to even threaten to go to Court – the group can focus on developing the best settlement for the parties after brainstorming and reviewing the options.
Here are some other important differences. In Collaborative Law:
Collaborative law is cost effective and timely; litigation is lengthy, and financially and emotionally draining. Collaborative law focuses on common interests; litigation focuses on differences and polarizes positions.
In mediation, there is one neutral person who assists the parties to work out a mutually acceptable settlement. The mediator, who may or may not be a lawyer, does not act for either party and does not provide legal advice. In a typical mediation, the clients attend mediation without their lawyers. After the mediation has been completed, lawyers for each of the parties provide independent legal advice regarding any proposed agreements.
In Collaborative law, each party has their own lawyer present at all times, while maintaining the same commitment to settlement as their sole agenda. Each client has quality legal advice and negotiating support throughout the process. The lawyers work as a team to assure that the process stays balanced, positive and productive, and to guide the parties to their best possible settlement.
In my opinion, Collaborative Practice is the best of both worlds. You and your partner have your own collaboratively trained lawyer by your side throughout the process, in a safe environment to help you make the most informed decisions for the family in a respectful way. By preserving respect and encouraging cooperation, Collaborative Practice helps parents and children keep family bonds while embracing a healthy new beginning.
By Sheila Kirsh, as appearing in the April 2005 issue of Divorce Magazine